Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears
Dr. Mark Wichman, an orthopaedic surgeon at Aurora Advanced Orthopaedics, has more than 25 years of experience in practice. Particularly expert in knee and shoulder repair, Dr. Mark Wichman focuses on the use of arthroscopic techniques.
In the human knee, four primary ligaments serve as connectors between the femur bone of the thigh and the tibia bone of the shin. The anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, runs diagonally across the middle of the knee. Responsible for keeping the tibia behind the femur, it also provides rotational stability.
Although partial tears of the ACL may respond to nonsurgical interventions, complete tears most often require surgical reconstruction. For this, physicians typically prefer utilizing arthroscopic techniques, which involve the use of specialized instrumentation and surgical cameras that fit through small incisions in the skin and are minimally invasive.
To perform such a procedure, a surgeon will take a graft from either the patient’s own hamstring or patellar tendons or from a cadaver donor. The surgeon then adjusts the harvested tendon to the correct size. After removing the damaged ACL and any nearby debris, the surgeon introduces the graft and connects it to the tibia.
The surgeon then repairs any secondary damage and closes the site. As time goes on, new bone grows at the site where the graft is attached, thus increasing the stability of the new ACL.
Dr. Mark Wichman, a board-certified orthopedic surgeon, has practiced in the city of Milwaukee for more than 20 years. Part of Aurora Advanced Orthopaedics since 2009, Dr. Mark Wichman focuses on minimally invasive procedures for the knee and shoulder.
The shoulder joint is one of the largest and most mobile in the human body. It is formed at the point at which the humerus of the upper arm rests like a ball inside the socket of the shoulder blade, or scapula. A part of the larger shoulder joint, the structure created by the scapula and humerus is known as the glenohumeral joint.
The shoulder region also contains the coracoid process and acromion, both of which are bony projections of the shoulder blade. The acromion comes into contact with the clavicle, or collarbone, at the acromioclavicular joint. Meanwhile, the clavical contacts the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint, which facilitates movement of the collarbone.
Each of these joints also features a network of muscles, tissue, and cartilage. The rotator cuff surrounds the full shoulder to offer support and range of motion. A fluid sac known as the bursa protects the rotator cuff, and the cartilage of the labrum cushions the humerus as it moves in the shoulder joint.
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery
Dr. Mark Wichman earned both a bachelor of science and his doctor of medicine from the University of Wisconsin in Madison. Since 2009, Dr. Mark Wichman has served as an orthopedic surgeon at Aurora Advanced Healthcare in Milwaukee. He belongs to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgery (AAOS).
One the major focuses of the AAOS is reform of the medical liability system in order to improve overall patient care. The current system of liability is simply not conducive to safe, affordable, and high-quality care for patients because of the limits that encumber orthopedic surgeons.
While the AAOS remains convinced that any reforms should protect the rights of a negligently damaged patient to receive just compensation, a decrease in liability costs would improve overall patient care through the reduction of unnecessary spending on often-superfluous defensive medicine. Furthermore, the AAOS is determined that no federal law should supersede any tort reform enacted at the state or local level.
After graduating from the University of Wisconsin in Madison with a bachelor of science in molecular biology, Dr. Mark Wichman went on to become an orthopedic surgeon. Currently practicing with Aurora Advanced Healthcare in Milwaukee, Dr. Mark Wichman is also the president of Operation Dream.
Founded in 2006 for the benefit of young boys who don’t have access to the Boys Club, the YMCA, or other outlets, Operation Dream strives to improve the lives of these mostly minority male youth in the poorest communities of Milwaukee. These boys face some of the most daunting challenges in America today, since nearly 60 percent won’t finish high school. The lack of education statistically leads to unemployment, crime, and eventually prison.
On Saturdays, Operation Dream offers a “sanctuary,” where the boys can escape the streets and learn how to resist the temptations of crime-ridden neighborhoods and, aspiring to a better future, start on a path to realize their dreams. To that end, Operation Dream furnishes a structured environment consisting of four essential pillars:
-Family and community
-Health and fitness
For more than two decades, Dr. Mark Wichman has worked as an orthopedic surgeon in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He works out of Aurora Advanced Orthopaedics, and also serves as assistant professor at Marquette University. Dedicated to giving back to his community, Dr. Mark Wichman serves as president of Operation Dream.
Founded in 2006, Operation Dream seeks to keep at-risk young men off the streets in and around Milwaukee. It operates much like the YMCA and Boys and Girls Clubs, except that many of the young men participating in Operation Dream lack the funds and transportation to partake in these and similar organizations. Operation Dream bridges that gap, providing a safe haven and keeping youth off the street. The boys and young men meet at the Milwaukee site on Saturdays, and Operation Dream provides them with transportation.
One of the facets of Operation Dream is a relatively new program called Operation Work. Mentors show up at the mentees’ homes early every Saturday morning and take those they are mentoring for breakfast. These mentees spend the rest of the day in counseling and tutoring sessions and being exposed to various work situations. As of October 2016, 91 people have completed this program. Thanks to this initiative, 100 percent of Operation Work members have graduated high school, compared to 49 percent of their peers who attended Milwaukee’s public schools. In addition, 94 percent of Operation Work members avoided criminal activity.
Board-certified orthopedic surgeon Dr. Mark Wichman divides his time among four medical facilities in the Greater Milwaukee area; he also provides medical care for the Milwaukee Admirals hockey team and teaches for Marquette University’s Physician Assistant training program. Outside of his busy professional life, Dr. Mark Wichman makes time to give back to the community as chairman of Operation Dream.
Founded in 2006, Operation Dream provides personalized support and mentoring to minority youth in poverty-stricken communities of Milwaukee. Geared primarily towards boys, Operation Dream aims to keep young men off the streets. Its programs operate throughout the year and offer transportation, athletic opportunities, academic support, monthly field trips, and work-skills training. Once the school year ends, Operation Dream continues, providing additional educational programs, mentoring, college tours, and recreational activities.
Operation Dream’s programs have proven effective. While nearly three out of five at-risk Milwaukee youth drop out of school, as of October 21, 2016, 100 percent of seniors involved with Operation Dream’s Operation WORK program graduated from high school after four years.